WOMEN’S CONTRIBUTION TO CLASSICAL ISLAMIC CIVILISATION: SCIENCE, MEDICINE AND POLITICS.
By: FSTC Limited, Professor Salim T.S. Al-Hassani
While there are many works on the role of Muslim women in Jurisprudence (fiqh) and literature and there are also studies o Muslim women in education and in medicine-although on a smaller scale, few sources mention the role of Muslim women in the development of science and technology. The isolated references that mention some of the famous women who had a role in advancing science and who established charitable, educational and religious institutions. Some examples are: Zubayda who pioneered a most ambitious project of digging wells and building service stations all along the pilgrimage route from Baghdad to Makkah. Sutayta, was a mathematician and an expert witness in courts. Dhayfa Khatun, excelled in management and statesmanship. Fatima al-Fehri founded the Qarawiyin massajid and university in Fez astrolabe maker Al-Ijliya the rulers and queens Sitt al-Mulk, Shajarat al Durr, Raziya of Delhi, and Amina of Zaria. In view of the growing importance of the subject of gender and women in society, this report presents what is known about some famous Muslim women, in the hope of initiating debate and starting the process of unearthing what could be a most significant find.
(taken from muslimheritage.com)