Calling someone particular a disbeliever

Question:

Is it allowed to declare a particular individual a disbeliever and did the Salaf declare a particular individual a disbeliever?
Answer:

Takfeer of a particular individual who commits what would necessitate kufr due to it – by either going against clear proofs or making something haraam into something halaal, then there is nothing wrong in making takfeer of him – but with the condition, as has preceded that he commits what would necessitate kufr due to it, otherwise it is as the Prophet (Sallaallaahu ‘alaihi wa ‘alaa aalihi wa sallam) said as is found in the ‘Saheeh’ ((Whoever says to his brother ‘O kaafir’, if it is as he says then so, otherwise it returns back to him.))
As for cursing a particular individual like the one who sinned from amongst the Muslims, then that which is correct is that it is impermissible, because the Prophet (Sallaallaahu ‘alaihi wa ‘alaa aalihi wa sallam) said to ‘Umar in the incident when he said to Nu’aymaan as is found in Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree: “May Allaah disgrace you, how many times have you been bought out?” So the Prophet (Sallaallaahu ‘alaihi wa ‘alaa aalihi wa sallam) said: ((do not aid the Shaitaan upon your brother)). So the like of the takfeer on a particular individual who commits what would necessitate kufr due to it – then Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee rahimahullahu ta’aala said concerning Hafs Al-Fard: “He is a kaafir due to the fact that he says: the Qur’aan is created”.

Shaykh Muqbil bin Haadee
Ghaaratul Ashritah, volume 2, page 290
Translated by Aboo Haatim Muhammad Faroo

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Boricua Muslimah

Graduate from Rutgers Newark. Journalist, photographer and videographer.

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