Picture making, photo taking…

Question:
What is the ruling concerning taking pictures using a mobile phone considering some people say that it is just capturing a shadow and there is no prohibition in that, so what is the ruling concerning that?

Answer:

For HIM there is no prohibition in that, as for the Sunnah and the evidences then picture taking/making in general is Haraam (prohibited) and the picture maker is cursed. And he will receive from the most severest of punishments on the Day of Judgment. So what is it that takes the mobile phone out from this generality? The Messenger made picture making Haraam without exception by any means; (whether that be by way of ) a mobile phone, a camera, by hand(sculpting) or by drawing, he made it absolutely Haraam. So who is he that makes an exception from what the messenger sallallaahu alaihi wasallam said and attempts to redress the messenger. Apart from that the Muhaqqiqeen (verifiers) from the Scholars make an exception in the case of necessity, if a person is in need of taking a picture for a necessity then it is allowed due to this necessity due to His saying – the Most High:

(وقَدْ فَصَّلَ لَكُم مَّا حَرَّمَ عَلَيْكُمْ إلاَّ مَا اضْطُرِرْتُمْ إلَيْهِ )

ýwhile He has explained to you in detail what is forbidden to you, except under compulsion of necessity? [Surah al-‘An’aam:119]

As for picture taking as a hobby or as a form of art by the use of the camera or by hand or by any object then it is Haraam and it is not allowed except in case of necessity only. In accordance to the necessity it is a concession. It is a concession due to a necessity only.

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan Taken from the Shaykhs lecture series:(Tafseer of Surah al-Hujuraat to Surah an-Naas) Monday 15 Shawwal 1427H.

Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Those who draw pictures will be punished on the Day of Resurrection; and it will be said to them: `Breathe soul into what you have created.”

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) visited me after returning from a journey, and I had a shelf with a thin cloth curtain hanging over it and on which there were portraits. When he saw it, the colour of his face changed (because of anger) and he said, “O `Aishah! the most grievous torment from Allah on the Day of Resurrection will be for those who imitate (Allah) in the act of His creation.’ `Aishah said: We tore it into pieces and made a cushion or two cushions out of that.

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) saying, “Every painter will go to Hell, and for every portrait he has made, there will be appointed one who will chastise him in the Hell.’ Ibn `Abbas said: If you have to do it, draw pictures of trees and other inanimate things.

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: Jibril (Gabriel) promised to visit the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) but delayed and this grieved him very much. When he came out of his house, Jibril met him. The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) asked him about the reason of delay, and he replied: “We do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a portrait.’

[Al-Bukhari].

 

 

Question: The council was asked about prayer in the workplace, in a room that has pictures of people hanging on the wall in front of them. Is the prayer valid and should they continue praying in such a place?
 
Response: The prayer is valid, and this does not harm them, inshaa.-Allaah, if they were pressed to pray in such a place, due to the absence of a nearby masjid. However, it is binding on them to do their best working with their supervisors to remove the pictures from this place, or to provide another place that does not have pictures, since prayer in a place that has pictures in front of the people is a kind of imitation of the worshippers of idols, and a number of narrations have come showing the prohibition of imitating the enemies of Allaah and the order to oppose them. Also, one should know that hanging pictures of things with souls on the walls is an affair that is not permissible, it is from the avenues of excessiveness and shirk, especially when they are pictures of honoured people. And we ask Allaah to grant success and guidance to all.
 
And through Allaah is the success, and may Allaah’s Salaah and Salaam be upon our Prophet, and upon his family and Companions.
 
The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Verdicts
Head: Shaykh ‘Abdul ‘Azeez ibn Abdullaah ibn Baaz;
Deputy Head: Shaykh ‘Abdur-Razzaaq ‘Afeefee
Member: Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ibn Ghudayyaan
Member: Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ibn Qu’ood
Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wal-Iftaa., – Volume 6, Page 251, Fatwa No.1874
 

Daleels


  In the two Saheehs (al-Bukhaaree and Muslim), oýn the authority of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)said: ” Allah, the Most High, said: Who is more a wrongdoer than oýne who tries to create creation like My creation. Let him create a small ant (dharrah) or a grain of wheat or that of barley” This wording is from Muslim[5] .

2.    Also in the two “Saheehs”, oýn the authority of Ibn Mas’ood (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ” The most severely punished people oýn the Day of Resurrection would be the image-makers (al-musawwiroon) ” [6].

3.    In the two “Saheehs”, oýn the authority of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both), who said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ” Those who make these images (suwar) will be punished oýn the Day of Resurrection, and it will be said to them, Make alive what you have created” This wording is from al-Bukhaaree[ 7].

4.    Al-Bukhaaree has reported, oýn the authority of Abu Juhaifah (may Allah be pleased with him), that: ” the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) prohibited taking money from the sale of blood and dogs, as well as the earnings of a prostitute. He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) also pronounced the CURSE of Allah upon the oýne who takes ribaa (interest), the oýne who gives it, the oýne who tattoos others, the oýne who gets tattooed and the IMAGE-MAKER (al-musawwir) ” [8].

5.    On the authority of Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with them both), who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) saying:: ” Whoever makes an image (soorah) in this world would be compelled to breathe a soul (rooh) in it oýn the Day of Resurrection, but he would not be able to do so” Agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim[9] .

6.    Muslim has reported, oýn the authority of Sa’eed ibn Abu’l-Hasan, who said: A man came to Ibn Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with them both) and said: I am a person who makes these images (suwar); give me a religious verdict (fatwa) about them. He (Ibn Abbaas) said to him: come near me. The man then came near to him. Then he (Ibn Abbaas) said again: come near me. So, he came nearer to him, until he placed his hand oýn the man’s head and said: I am going to inform you of what I heard from Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). I heard him (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)say: ” Every image-maker (musawwir) will be in the Fire of Hell. A soul will be made for him for every image which he has made, and it will punish him in the Hell-Fire” . Ibn Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with them both) said:” If you must do it (i.e. make these images), then make (images of) trees and lifeless things” [10]. Al-Bukhaaree has reported his (Ibn Abbaas) saying: “If you must do it…”, at the end of the Hadeeth which is before this oýne, with what is similar to what Muslim has mentioned [11].

7.    At-Tirmidhee has reported in his book al-Jaami [the Sunan of at-Tirmidhee] , oýn the authority of Jaabir (may Allah be pleased with him) that he said: ” The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) prohibited the POSSESSION of images (soorah) in the house; he also prohibited the MAKING of them” [12].

8.    On the authority of ‘Aa’isha (may Allah be pleased with her), who said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) entered (my room) and I had placed a curtain (qiraam) of mine having images (tamaatheel) in it, over (the door of) a chamber of mine, ” When he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) saw it, he tore it apart and his face changed colors, and he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: O ‘Aa’isha, the people who will receive the severest punishment oýn the Day of Resurrection will be those who try to make the like of Allah’s creation. She said: So, we turned it (the curtain) into oýne or two cushions (pillows)” Reported by Muslim[13] .

9.    On the authority of ‘Aa’isha (may Allah be pleased with her), who said: Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) returned from a journey when I had placed a curtain (qiraam) of mine having images (tamaatheel) over (the door of) a chamber of mine, ” When Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) saw it, he tore it apart and said: The people who will receive the severest punishment oýn the Day of Resurrection will be those who try to make the like of Allah’s creation. She said: So, we made it (the curtain) into oýne or two cushions (pillows)” Reported by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim; Muslim’s narration has the additional words, after the saying – ” he tore it apart” – ” his face changed colors”[14] .

10.                       It has also been narrated from her (‘Aa’isha) (may Allah be pleased with her) that she said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) returned from a journey, while I had hung up a thick curtain (durnook) having images (tamaatheel) oýn it. ” He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) commanded me (to remove it). So, I pulled it down”Reported by Al-Bukhaaree. Muslim has narrated it with the wording:…and I had screened my door with a thick curtain (durnook) having (images) of winged horses oýn it. ” He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) commanded me (to remove it). So, I pulled it down” [15].

11.                       On the authority of al-Qaasim ibn Muhammad, from ‘Aa’isha (may Allah be pleased with her), that she said: I bought a cushion (numruqah) having images (tasaaweer) oýn it. ” When Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) saw it, he stopped at the door and did not enter. I noticed the signs of strong disapproval oýn his face. She said: O Allah’s Messenger! I turn to Allah and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) in repentance. What sin have I committed? He said: What is this cushion for? I said: I bought it for you to sit oýn and recline oýn. Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: The makers of these images (suwar) will be punished (severely) oýn the Day of Resurrection and it will be said to them, Make alive what you have created. He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) added:Angels do not enter a house in which there are images (suwar)” Reported by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim<[16] .

Muslim reported another narration from Ibn al-Maajishoonee, that she (‘Aa’isha) (may Allah be pleased with her) said: So, I took it (the cushion) and made it into two arm-rests (mirfaqatain) , and he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to lean oýn them in the house [17].

12.                       On the authority of Ibn Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with them both), who said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:” The angels do not enter a house which has in it a dog, (nor the house which has in it) an image (soorah)” Reported by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim. This (particular) wording is from Muslim[18] .

13.                       Muslim has reported, oýn the authority of Zaid ibn Khaaled, from Abu Talha (may Allah be pleased with him) – attributing it to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) that he said: ” The angels do not enter a house which has in it a dog or images (tamaatheel) “[19] .

14.                       Al-Bukhaaree has narrated in his book “As-Saheeh”, oýn the authority of Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both), from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) that Jibreel (Gabriel) (alayhi’s-Salaam) said: ” Verily, we (angels) do not enter a house which has in it a dog or an image (soorah)” Muslim has reported (a Hadeeth) similar to it, oýn the authority of ‘Aa’isha and Maimoonah (may Allah be pleased with them both) [20].

15.                       Muslim reported, oýn the authority of Abu’l-Hayyaaj al-Asadee, who said:” ‘Alee ibn Abu Taalib (may Allah be pleased with him) said to me: Shall I not send you oýn the same mission as Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) sent me? Do not leave an image (timthaal) without obliterating/ effacing it, nor a grave which is raised above the ground without leveling it to the ground” [21].

16.                       Abu Daawood has reported, with a good (jayyid) chain of narrators, oýn the authority of Jaabir (may Allah be pleased with him):” that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) commanded Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allah be pleased with him) in the time of the conquest of Makkah, while he was at “al-Bat-haa”, to go to the Ka’bah and to remove (yamhoo) every image (soorah) found in it. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did not enter (the Ka’bah) until every image (soorah) in it was removed” [22].

Abu Daawood at-Tayaalisee reported in his ‘Musnad’, oýn the authority of ‘Usaamah (may Allah be pleased with him), that he said: I entered upon the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) while he was in the Ka’bah and he had seen (in it) images (suwar). ” He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) asked for a pale of water, so I brought it to him. Then he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) began removing (erasing) the images and saying: May the curse of Allah be upon a people who make images of that which they are not able to create” al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar said: Its chain of narrators is good (jayyid) [23].

ý   He said: ‘Umar ibn Shabbah [ibn Abu ‘Ubaidah, who died in the year 262 Hijrah] has reported, by the chain of narrators: ‘Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Mihraan, from ‘Umair, the mawlaa of Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with them both), from ‘Usaamah (may Allah be pleased with him), that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) entered the Ka’bah, then commanded me (to bring water). I then brought to him some water in a bucket. ” He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) began to wet a cloth (thawb) and beat the images (suwar) with it [to remove them], saying: May Allah curse a people who make images of that which they did not – nor can they – create” [24] .

ý   Al-Bukhaaree has reported, in his book ‘As-Saheeh’, oýn the authority of ‘Aa’isha (may Allah be pleased with her), that: ” the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) never left in his house anything which has crucifixes (tasaaleeb) in it, without removing or effacing it”. Al-Kashmeehinee reported it with the wording “images” (tasaaweer) [in place of crucifixes – tasaaleeb]. Al-Bukhaaree (rahimahu’llah) has entitled the heading for this Hadeeth: ‘Chapter: Removal/Effacing of Images (suwar)’. Then he narrated this Hadeeth [25] .

ý   In the two “Saheehs”, al-Bukhaaree and Muslim, oýn the authority of Busr ibn Sa’eed, from Zaid ibn Khaalid, from Abu Talha (radiya-llahu anhum) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ” Angels do not enter a house where there are images (soorah)”. Busr [ibn Sa’eed, who narrated this Hadeeth from Zaid ibn Khaalid, who narrated it from Abu Talha] added: Then Zaid fell ill and we paid him a visit. Behold! There was hanging at his door, a curtain with an image (soorah) oýn it. I said to ‘Ubaidullah al-Khawlaanee, the foster-son of Maimoonah (radiya-llahu anhaa), the wife of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him): ” Didn’t Zaid tell us about images (suwar) the day before yesterday? Ubaidullah said, Didn’t you hear him saying: except a design/inscription in a cloth (illa raqman fi thawb)?” [26] .

In another narration from Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim, whose chain of narration includes ‘Amr ibn al-Haarith, from Bukair al-Ashajj, from Busr who said: I said to ‘Ubaidullah al-Khawlaanee: Didn’t he narrate to us [the Hadeeth] about images (tasaaweer)? He (‘Ubaidullah) said: ” Verily, he said: ‘…illa raqman fi thawb (except designs/inscription s in a cloth)” Didn’t you hear him? I [Busr] said: No. He [‘Ubaidullah] said: Yes, in fact, he did mention that [27] .

ý   In the Musnad [of Imam Ahmad] and the Sunan of an-Nasaa’ee, oýn the authority of ‘Ubaidu’llah ibn ‘Abdullah, [it is mentioned] that he entered upon Abu Talha al-‘Ansaaree (may Allah be pleased with him) to visit him, and he found Sahl ibn Hunaif (may Allah be pleased with him) with him. Abu Talha (may Allah be pleased with him) ordered someone to remove a pillow which was under him.

Sahl (may Allah be pleased with him) asked him: Why are you removing this? He said:” It is because it contains images (tasaaweer) and you already know what the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) has said about that. He (Sahl) said: Didn’t he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say: illa raqman fi thawb – except designs/inscription s in a cloth? He (Abu Talha) answered: Yes, he did say so. But, (removing it) is more pleasing to my soul” .

Its chain of narrators is good (jayyid). Also, at-Tirmidhee reported it with this wording, and said that it is a good and authentic Hadeeth (hasan saheeh) [28] .

ý   Abu Daawood, at-Tirmidhee and an-Nasaa’ee have reported, with a good (jayyid) chain of narrators, oýn the authority of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: ” The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Jibreel (Gabriel) came to me and said: I came to you last night and was prevented from entering simply by the fact that there were images/statues [29] (tamaatheel) at the door, and there was in the house a curtain with images/pictures (tamaatheel)[30] oýn it; and there was a dog in the house. So, order that the head of the statue (timthaal) which is in the house be cut off so that it may become like the form of a tree; order that the curtain be cut up and made into two cushions spread out oýn which people walk; and order that the dog be put out. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) then did so” .

The dog belonged to al-Hasan or al-Husain (radiya-llahu anhuma) and was under their couch (nadad). So, he ordered it to be turned out, and it was done. The wording is from Abu Daawood. The wording of at-Tirmidhee is similar to it.

The wording of an-Nasaa’ee is:” Jibreel asked permission from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) (to enter). He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Enter. Jibreel said: How can I enter while there is a curtain in your house which has in it images (tasaaweer)? You must either cut off the heads (of the images), or make it into a carpet which is walked upon. Verily, we – the assembly of angels – do not enter a house which has in it images (tasaaweer)” [31] .

************ ********* ********* ********* ********* ********* *********

[5] Al-Bukhaaree 7/541, no.837; Muslim 3/1162, no.5275.
[6] Al-Bukhaaree 7/540, no.834; Muslim 3/1161, no.5272, 5270.
[7] Al-Bukhaaree 7/541, no.835; Muslim 3/1160, no.5268.
[8] Al-Bukhaaree 7/546, no.845.
[9] Al-Bukhaaree 7/547, no.846; Muslim 3/1162, no.5273.
[10] Muslim 3/1161, no.5272.
[11] Al-Bukhaaree 3/235, no.428 . It’s wording is:” …If you insist oýn making images, I advise you to make images of trees and any other inanimate objects”.
[12] Sunan at-Tirmidhee 4/202, no.1749 [Ahmad Shakir’s Edition]; 2/149, no.1430 [Al-Albaanee’s Saheeh Sunan at-Tirmidhee] .
[13] Muslim 3/1159, no. 5261.
[14] Al-Bukhaaree 7/542, no.838; Muslim 3/1159, no.5261.
[15] Al-Bukhaaree 7/542, no.839; Muslim 3/1158, no.5256.
[16] Al-Bukhaaree 7/545, no.844; Muslim 3/1159, no.5266.
[17] Muslim 3/1160, no.5267.
[18] Al-Bukhaaree 4/339, no.539 – [From Ibn Abbaas, from Abu Talha (radiyallahu anhum)]; Muslim 3/1157, no.5249-5251.
[19] Muslim 3/1158, no.5254.
[20] Al-Bukhaaree 7/545, no.843 [It’s wording is: “…an image or a dog”]; Muslim 3/1157, no.5246 [From ‘Aa’isha (may Allah be pleased with her)] and no.5248 [From Maimoonah (may Allah be pleased with her)].
[21] Muslim 2/459, no.2115.
[22] Abu Daawood 2/472, no.4156

Subhanak Allaahuma wa bihamdika ash-hadu anlaa illaaha illa anta astaghfiruka wa atubu ilayk  

If I said anything correct, then it is from Allaah (subhanahu wa taa’ala), and if I erred, then that is from me and shaytan



 
 
 

Beware of procrastination for surely be with your current day
and do not be with your tomorrow and if you have a tomorrow
then do tomorrow the same as you did today,
and if you do not have a tomorrow then you will not regret what you lack in today.
 
Hasan Al Basri
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Boricua Muslimah

Graduate from Rutgers Newark. Journalist, photographer and videographer.

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