Author: Shaikh Saalih Al Fawzaan (HafithahuAllah)
Source: Fataawah Al Mar’atul Muslimah pg.111 Translator: Abu Anisa Abdul Hakeem
Q: Is it permissible for a woman to recite the Qur’an from memory while she is menstruating? In addition, if it is not permissible, is it prohibited upon her if she teaches it (the Qur’an) to her children, particularly if she is in school while menstruating?
A: It is not permissible for a menstruating women to read the Qur’an, not from the mushaf, or from what she knows from memory, because upon her is a great impurity (like the man) while in the state of Janabah (sexual impurity). It’s not permissible for him to read the Qur’an because the Prophet (sallAllahu alaihi wa sallam) prohibited reading of the Qur’an in the state of Janabah (sexual impurity) and hayd (menstruating), is a great impurity like Janabah (sexual impurity) in which it is prohibited to read (the Qur’an) in that state. As for being afraid of forgetting the Qur’an, (like) if she was menstruating and she had memorized a Surah from the Qur’an and she fears that if she leaves its recitation that she will forget it due to the long time span of her menses; (thus, since she fears) that she will forget what she has memorized from the Qur’an there is no problem in this situation for it is out necessity, since if she leaves the reading of the Qur’an then she will forget it. Furthermore, if the female student has an exam in a Qur’an course and it is not possible for her to take the exam after her menstruation; then there is no problem in her taking the exam, since if she was to leave it she would miss the test and fail the Qur’an exam. This will be a disadvantage for her. Thus, in this situation it is permissible for the female student to read the Qur’an from the mushaf and to carry out an exam with the condition that she does not touch it except with a barrier (i.e. gloves, a cloth etc.). As for reading the Qur’an in order to teach, then this is not permissible because it is not out of necessity, and Allah knows best!