Basics of Ramadan.

وذكرت رسول الله في الحديث القدسي أن الله قال : “جميع الخدمات من ابن آدم له إلا الصيام فإنه لي وأنا أجزي به لذلك”.
رواه البخاري / مسلم


“All services of the son of adam are for him except fasting.  It is for Me, and i will reward him for it.”

What is Ramadan?

Allah subana wa talah states in Surah al-Baqarah-185

“Ramadan is the month in which was sent down the Qur’an as a guide to

humanity and as a clear sing for guidance and judgment between right and wrong.

So anyone of you who witnesses the month should spend it in fasting.

Now that know what Ramadan is, lets learn what fasting is according to Islam.

According to the Shari’a (Islamic law) is:  To worship Allah subha a wa talah, abstaining,

with intention to please Him from fast breakers, such as physical nourishment,

food, drink, and sexual intercourse or a lustful discharge of semen

from the period between the break of dawn until sundown.”

Islamic fasting is total abstinence from any food particles passing through the mouth or nose,

as well as drinks of any kind, along with the abstinence from sexual   association during the day that

commences from the break of dawn till sunset.

Actually the whole of your body, the whole of your body is restrained from all worldly action.

Your stomach, private parts, the tongue and other limbs are also included if the person fasting

wants to total reward for fasting.

Here are some hadith which show us how important fasting is and how we should conduct ourselves during this sacred month.

Abu Hurairah said that the Messenger salah alahu alahi wa salam said; 

“He who does not desist from obscene language and acting obscenely (during his fasting period) Allah aza wa jal  has

no need that he don’t  eat or drink.”  Bukhari/Muslim.

Abu Hurairah said that the Messenger of Allah said;

“Fasting is not only to restrain from food and drink, fasting is to refrain from obscene

acts.  If someone verbally abuses you or acts ignorantly towards you, say to them ‘I am fasting, I am fasting.

This two hadith show us three basic elements which will complete our fast:

1. Restraining the stomach and the private parts from the breakers of the fast food and drink.

2. Restraining other body parts, like the tongue from backbiting, slander and lies;

the eyes should avoid looking into things considered by

the Lawgiver as unlawful and the ears must stop from

listening to conversations, words, songs, and lyrics that spoil the spirit of fasting.

3. And the restrain of the heart and mind from indulging themselves

in other things besides dhikir Allah.

The Prophet Muhammad salahu alahi wa salam said in a Hadith Al-Qudsi:  “

All services of the son of Adam are for him except fasting.

It is for Me, and I will reward him for it.  Fasting is a shield

On the day you fast  do not use obscenity, nor yell at others, nor act ignorantly towards them. 

However, if anyone abuses you verbally or attempts to draw you to fight with him, say ‘I am fasting‘ two times.

Merits and reasons we fasting in this sacred month of Ramadan.

1. Is only one reason why a believer will put himself  through this trying physical exercise and that is to seek the pleasure of Allah aza wa jal.

2. The fast is the single most important device to test the Iman, faith, of the believer and the depth of  his sincerity and commitment to the concept of Tauheed, the Oneness of Allah.

3. Fasting is a shield, and armor protecting the believer from sinful acts.

4.  Fasting enables the believer to guard against Shaytan.  It also helps him against human evil by putting the patience and perseverance gained from fasting into use with forbearance and forgiveness of the attacker, that is, of course, when the safety of ones life is not involved.

Kinds of fasting.

Fasting is of two kinds Fard, the obligatory fast and Tatau’u, non obligatory fast. The obligatory fast is categorized as three kinds:

1. fasting in the month of Ramadan

2. fasting to expiate for religious offenses

3. fasting to fulfill a vow.

Or the 3 of them fasting in the month of Ramadan is the most important.

Is much more information about Ramadan in the Internet.


Published by

Boricua Muslimah

Graduate from Rutgers Newark. Journalist, photographer and videographer.

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